CIBIL, an acronym of Credit Information Bureau India Limited, is India’s very first and the only credit information bureau. It puts together and distributes information about the credit accounts of a borrower to all its members. The information is gathered and distributed in form of a credit information report containing the details of credit facilities that an individual or the firm has availed.
All leading Financial Institutions, Banks, Credit Card Companies, Non-Banking Financial Companies, State Financial Corporations, and Housing Finance Companies are CIBIL’s members.
CIBIL’s main function is collecting information on a person’s or a firm’s credit accounts and providing this information to each of its member institution.
The bureau provides information on both consumer and commercial segments. While in the consumer department each and every credit facility used by an individual is covered, the commercial segment includes all the facilities availed by a private limited company, proprietorship company, and partnership company.
A credit report is a documented record of someone’s credit history. Details regarding the loans taken by the borrower and other credit facilities availed are present in it. The credit report provided by CIBIL helps credit grantors make an informed lending decision, quickly and easily, about a supplicant.
The primary source of information for CIBIL is its members. After gathering information about a borrower from its members, CIBIL, if possible, usually supplements it with information available in the public domain to create a more comprehensive snapshot of that borrower’s financial history.
CIBIL maintains that ensuring data security is of paramount importance to it, and the security measures in place are in line with global ‘best practices’ and strict risk management standards. They are also open to frequent audits by international audits.
To ensure information security, CIBIL claims to use the latest technology. Some key aspects of its security module are as follows:
The credit report contains the following information:
For individuals the following information is present:
For non-individuals the following information is present:
The credit report does not contain the following information:
Only member institutions that have shared their complete data with the bureau can access the report.
Yes, it can be purchased direct from CIBIL.
No, it doesn’t. The credit report serves only purpose: to provide factual credit information about a borrower. It does only that and nothing more.
How does a lender interprets the information in a credit report is up to that lender. CIBIL does not grant a loan to a borrower, nor does it deny a loan.
No, not necessarily. The credit report provides credit information about you. It is possible that based on the information given, one lender may reject your loan application while another may take a favorable view of your situation.
No, they don’t. This is so because financial institutions do not disclose this information to CIBIL.
You need to contact the institution from whom you’ve obtained a copy of your credit report with relevant documents to support your request for rectification of a piece of information currently present in your credit report. Your financial institution will correct the necessary information and inform CIBIL, who will then update your credit report.